Travel Blog


July 26, 2018

The story of Hanoi filled with ups and downs, and the glorious milestone. Here is the abridged information of the beautiful Vietnam’s capital.

A long time ago…

The land of this city is inhabited thousands of years ago however the name of Hanoi is only from 1831. Down the centuries, it has been called many names, including Thang Long (City of the Soaring Dragon), Dong Do (Eastern Capital), Dong Quan (Eastern Gateway), Dong Kinh or Tonkin, Bac Thanh (Northern Citadel)…

The city was named Hanoi (The City in a Bend of the River) by Emperor Tu Duc in 1831. From 1902 to 1953, it served as the capital of French Indochina.

The artists of Ionah show perform at old quarter

Hanoi was proclaimed the capital of Vietnam after the August Revolution of 1945, but it was not until the Geneva Accords of 1954 that the Viet Minh, driven from the city by the French in 1946, were able to return.


  • Location:

Hanoi is situated in northern Vietnam on the western bank of the Red River, about 85 miles (140 km) inland from the South China Sea.

  • Climate:

It features a warm humid subtropical climate with plentiful precipitation. The city experiences the typical climate of northern Vietnam with 4 distinct seasons.

Here are some annual weather facts that World Weather and Climate Information collected from their historical climate data:

  • Hot season / summer is in May, June, July, August, September and October.
  • A lot of rain (rainy season) falls in the months of: May, June, July, August, September and October.
  • Hanoi has dry periods in January and December.
  • On average, the warmest month is July.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • August is the wettest month. This month should be avoided if you don’t like too much rain.
  • January is the driest month.


Hanoi is the second largest city in Vietnam and boasts a thriving and ever-growing population where the new and the old work together in perfect harmony. There were approximately 7.68 million people (2018). The population density is estimated at 1,979 people for every square kilometer within the city.

Source: Wikipedia, World population review, Lonely planet, World Weather and Climate Information.